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Curriculum Resource Page - I.D. Cards

Using the Stories of Survivors and Pioneers to Build Student Knowledge

Much of what we know about the 1921 Tulsa Race (Riot) Massacre springs from historical records, documents, artifacts, and personal accounts of survivors. The lives of those connected to 1921 speak beyond the atrocities of what took place during the Tulsa Race Massacre. There are also pioneers who established a presence within Tulsa’s Greenwood District and contributed to the vitality of Black Wall Street of 1921 and beyond.

Identification Cards:

Having a sense of the life of a survivor or pioneer is one point

of identification.  Stories can capture the people, places, and

events that define history. Identification Cards offer a brief

glimpse into these stories.


Sample document shows how the ID card might represent

the story of a survivor or pioneer. 

Click the following links to download samples of the

I.D. Cards:


Survivors & Pioneers

The following is a sample list of survivors and pioneers to explore: 

  • Harold Anderson

  • Ruth Sigler Avery

  • O.W. Gurley

  • Dr. Olivia Hooker

  • Mabel B. Little

  • Mary Jones Parrish

  • Dr. A.C. Jackson

  • JB Stradford

  • Maurice Willows


Sample Guiding Questions – To Accompany I.D. Cards


Thinking Activity One:

Begin by reading the story or account of the individual person(s). Read the story of the survivor or pioneer (represented on an ID card).

Consider these as guiding questions:

  • How does the story or account of the individual capture the events of the 1921 Race Riot and the story of Greenwood?

  • What seems most significant about this person’s view or perspective of the events?

  • Predict how the individual(s) survived the events of May 31- June 1, 1921.


Your Prediction – Capture the person’s life in one sentence.



Thinking Activity Two :

Beyond 1921 – What is the rest of the story?

Was your prediction of how the person “survived” accurate? Based on what information?

How would you tell (or write) the rest of the story? This should be based on facts, so, this would also require doing more research on the individual.


  • How do you define being a “survivor” or “pioneer”?

  • Did the person remain in the Greenwood District?

  • If so, what was the motivation for remaining?

  • If not, what was the motivation for leaving/ relocating?


The rest of the story…(Encourage the participant/ learner to explore beyond the representative story.)

Bibliography of Suggested Resoures

Dr. A.C. Jackson.jpg
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